The Clinical Characteristics of Noninfectious Occlusive Retinal Vasculitis

Published:April 23, 2021DOI:


      To characterize the clinical features of occlusive retinal vasculitis (ORV).


      Retrospective case series.


      Forty-two patients with ORV.


      A retrospective chart review identified all patients with ORV seen at the University of Colorado uveitis service between January 2013 and April 2020. All included patients demonstrated noninfectious uveitis and evidence of vascular occlusion in the presence of retinal vascular inflammation on widefield fluorescein angiography.

      Main Outcome Measures

      Demographic data, visual acuity, clinical findings, and fluorescein angiography findings.


      We identified 73 eyes from 42 patients (15 men, 27 women) with ORV. Thirty-one of 42 patients had bilateral disease. Most eyes (54/73) showed mixed arteriolar and venous vasculitis compared with primarily arteriolar (6/73) or venous (15/73) vasculitis. Thirteen of 42 patients had an underlying systemic condition, most commonly granulomatosis with polyangiitis; however, bilaterality was not associated with a systemic condition. Retinal nonperfusion was present equally in zone 2 (28/73) and zone 3 (28/73) compared with zone 1 (16/73). Retinal or iris neovascularization was present in 25 of 73 eyes. Eighteen of 42 patients required more than 1 immunosuppressive medication (average, 1.33) to prevent progressive vascular occlusive disease.


      Occlusive retinal vasculitis is a heterogeneous entity with significant risk of visual impairment. Systemic disease was more prevalent in this specific cohort compared with cohorts from prior studies of retinal vasculitis.


      Abbreviations and Acronyms:

      GPA (granulomatosis with polyangiitis), logMAR (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution), ORV (occlusive retinal vasculitis), TREX1 (Three Prime Repair Exonuclease 1)
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